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Accelerating the development and the development of strategic emerging industries

Release:2012-9-18 9:37:22  Hits:1933

 

State Council on accelerating the development and development
Decision of strategic emerging industries
Guo Fa [2010] No. 32
 
Provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government, State Council ministries and commissions, agencies directly:
Strategic emerging industries is an important force to guide the future economic and social development. The development of strategic emerging industry has become a major strategy to seize the new round of economic and technological development of the commanding heights of the world's major countries. China is in a critical period of building a moderately prosperous society, must be in accordance with the requirements of the scientific concept of development, to seize the opportunity, a clear direction, focus, and speed up the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries. Now make the following decisions:
, Seize the opportunity to accelerate the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries
Strategic emerging industries in a major technological breakthrough for the foundation and material development needs, has a significant lead leading role in the economic and social global and long-term development, knowledge and technology-intensive, less consumption of material resources, growth potential, comprehensive benefits good industry. Speed ​​up the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries has important strategic significance on promoting China's modernization.
(A) accelerate the inevitable choice for building a moderately prosperous society and achieve sustainable development to foster and develop strategic emerging industries. China's large population, the per capita resources, a fragile ecological environment, but also in industrialization, urbanization period of rapid development, facing the enormous pressure of the arduous task of improving people's livelihood and resource environment. To comprehensively building a moderately prosperous society and achieve sustainable development, we must vigorously develop strategic emerging industries, accelerate the formation of a new economic growth point, to create more jobs, better meet people's growing material and cultural needs, and promote resource conservation and environment-friendly society.
(B) to accelerate major initiatives to foster and develop strategic emerging industries to promote the upgrading of industrial structure, accelerate the transformation of the mode of economic development. Strategic emerging industries as the main driving force of innovation, radiation strong impetus to accelerate the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries, will help speed up the transformation of the mode of economic development, help upgrade the industry, and to promote the upgrading of traditional industries, high starting point to build a modern industrial system reflects adjust and optimize the industrial structure of the fundamental requirements.
(C) to speed up the nurturing and development of strategic emerging industries is an urgent need to build a new international competitive advantage, master development initiative. The current pattern of global economic competition is undergoing profound changes, the development of science and technology is giving birth to a new revolutionary breakthrough, have accelerated the deployment of the world's major countries, and promote the rapid development of energy saving and environmental protection, new energy, information, biological, and other emerging industries. China wants to take a favorable position in future international competition, must speed up the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries, master the core technology and related intellectual property, and enhance the ability of self-development.
Accelerate the cultivation and there are many favorable conditions for the development of strategic emerging industries, is also facing serious challenges. After the reform and opening up 30 years of rapid development, China's comprehensive national strength significantly increased and continuously improve the level of science and technology, has established a relatively complete industrial system, especially the high-tech industry, the rapid development, the scale of one of the world to accelerate the development of strategic emerging industries laid the good foundation. Meanwhile, also facing technological innovation capability of enterprises is not strong, less mastered the key core technology, is conducive to the policies and regulations of the new technology and new products enter the market system is not perfect, support innovation and entrepreneurship, investment and financing and fiscal policies, institutional mechanisms imperfect prominent problems. We must be fully aware of the great significance to speed up the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries, to further enhance the sense of urgency and responsibility to seize the historic opportunity to intensify its efforts to speed up the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries.
Second, insist on innovation and development, and accelerating the development of strategic emerging industries leading industries and pillar industries
According to the characteristics of the emerging strategic industries, based on China's national conditions and technological and industrial base, at this stage, focus on fostering and development of energy-saving and environmental protection, new generation information technology, biotechnology, high-end equipment manufacturing, new energy, new materials, new energy automotive industry.
(A) guiding ideology.
The guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thinking of the "Three Represents", thoroughly implement the scientific concept of development, to grasp the historical opportunity of the new scientific and technological revolution and the industrial revolution of the world, significant demand for economic and social development, to speed up the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industry placed in a prominent position to promote the upgrading of the industrial structure and the transformation of the mode of economic development. Actively explore the law of development of strategic emerging industries, enterprises play the main role, intensify policy support, deepen the reform of institutional mechanisms, and strive to create a good environment, strengthening the industrialization of scientific and technological innovations, to seize the commanding heights of economic and technological competition, promote strategic emerging industries healthy development, contribute to promote sustainable economic and social development.
(B) of the basic principles.
Adhere to give full play to the basic role of the market and government guidance to promote the combination. To give full play to the advantage of China's huge market demand, innovation and change in consumption patterns, to create a favorable market environment, to mobilize the enthusiasm of the corporate body, and promote research with the combination. Meanwhile, the economic and social development in important areas and key links to play the Government's planning guidance, policy incentives and organization and coordination role.
Adhere to the combination of technological innovation and industrialization. To effectively improve the institutional mechanisms, greatly enhance the capability of independent innovation, and efforts to promote original innovation, greatly enhancing the integration of innovation and joint research, and actively participate in the international division of labor, strengthen the introduction of absorption and innovation, make full use of the global innovation resources, breaking a number of key core technology, acquire the relevant intellectual property. The same time, it is necessary to increase policy support and guidance and coordination of efforts, created and give full play to the role of high-quality talent to accelerate innovation transformation, promote the industrialization process.
Adhere to the overall advancement of the development of key areas across the combination. The development of strategic emerging industries, overall planning, system layout, clear development timing, and promote the coordinated development. To select the best areas of the foundation and conditions as the breakthrough point, focus on promoting. Strive to foster industrial clusters, and to promote the advantages of the region to take the lead in development.
Adhere to enhance the long-term competitiveness of the national economy and support the current development of the combination. To focus on the long term, to grasp the new direction of the technology and industrial development, the early deployment of major frontier areas, and actively cultivate leading industry. The same time, it is necessary to focus on the current, and promote the rapid development of related industries have a vital role to alleviate the economic and social development bottleneck, promote the healthy development of the high-tech industry, led the traditional industrial transformation and upgrading, speed up the formation of the pillar industries.
(3) Development Goals.
2015, the formation of strategic emerging industry healthy development, coordinate the promotion of the basic pattern, significantly enhanced role of the upgrading of the industrial structure, the added value of the proportion of gross domestic product (GDP) and strive to reach about 8%.
2020 strategic emerging industries accounted for a proportion of GDP and strive to reach about 15%, to absorb, to improve employment capacity significantly increased. Energy saving and environmental protection, new generation of information technology, biotechnology, high-end equipment manufacturing industry become a pillar industry of the national economy, new energy, new materials, new energy automotive industry to become the leading industry of the national economy; significantly enhance the innovative ability to master a number of key core technologies reached world leading level in the local area; formation of a number of large enterprises and a number of innovative vitality of small and medium enterprises with international influence; completion of a number of industrial chain improvement and innovation ability, and the distinctive features of the strategic emerging industry gathering area.
And then, after about a decade of efforts, strategic emerging industries overall innovation capability and industrial development level reached world advanced level, to provide strong support for the sustainable economic and social development.
Third, based on national conditions, efforts to achieve rapid and healthy development of the areas of focus
According to the stage of development of strategic emerging industries and to further clarify the focus of development direction and the main task to co-ordinate the deployment, concentrate and accelerating.
(A) The energy conservation and environmental protection industries. Focus on development and promotion of energy-efficient equipment and products, key technical breakthroughs in key areas, driven by the improvement of the overall level of energy efficiency. Key the common technology R & D and industrialization demonstration accelerate the recycling of resources, improving the level of comprehensive utilization of resources, and remanufacturing industrial level. Demonstration and popularization of advanced environmental protection technology and equipment and products to enhance the level of pollution prevention. Promote market-oriented system of energy saving and environmental protection services. Accelerate the establishment of a the scrap commodities supported by advanced technology recycling system, and actively promote the use of clean coal, comprehensive utilization of seawater.
(B) a new generation of information technology industry. Accelerate the construction of broadband, Pan-in, integration, security information network infrastructure, to promote a new generation of mobile communication, the next generation Internet core devices and smart terminal R & D and industrialization accelerate triple play, and promote things, the research and development of cloud computing and demonstration applications. Focus on the development of integrated circuits, new displays, high-end software, high-end servers and other core infrastructure industries. Enhance the service capabilities of software services, value-added network services, and accelerate the intelligent transformation of critical infrastructure. The development of technologies such as digital virtual vigorously to promote the development of cultural and creative industries.
(C) the biological industry. Vigorously develop innovative drugs varieties of biotech drugs for the prevention and control of major diseases, new vaccines and diagnostic reagents, chemical drugs, modern Chinese medicine, to enhance the level of bio-pharmaceutical industry. Accelerate biomedical engineering R & D and industrialization of advanced medical equipment, medical materials, and promote the development of large-scale. Cultivate bio-breeding industry, actively promote green agricultural bio-products to promote accelerate the development of biological agriculture. Advancing the development, demonstration, and application of bio-manufacturing key technologies. Accelerate the R & D and industrialization of marine biotechnology products.
(D) the high-end equipment manufacturing industry. Focus on the development of aviation equipment mainly to a dry regional aircraft and general aviation aircraft, bigger and stronger aviation industry. Actively promote the construction of space infrastructure, promote the industrial development of satellites and their applications. Relying on the passenger line and urban rail transit construction of key projects to develop rail transportation equipment. For the development of marine resources, vigorously develop marine engineering equipment. Strengthen the foundation supporting the ability to actively develop digital, flexible, and systems integration technology as the core of intelligent manufacturing equipment.
(E) the new energy industry. Active research and development of a new generation of nuclear energy technology and advanced reactor, the development of the nuclear energy industry. To accelerate the use of solar thermal technology promotion and application, and open up a wide range of solar photovoltaic solar thermal power generation market. Improve the level of wind power technology and equipment, orderly fashion scale wind power development, accelerate the smart grid and run the system adapt to the development of new energy. Local conditions to develop the use of biomass.
(F) the new material industry. Vigorously develop new functional materials such as rare earth functional materials, high-performance membrane materials, specialty glass, ceramics, semiconductor lighting materials. Actively develop high-quality special steel, new alloy materials, advanced structural materials such as engineering plastics. Enhance the level of development of high-performance fiber and composite materials of carbon fiber, aramid fiber, ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fiber. Carry out nano, superconducting, intelligent, common basic materials research.
(Vii) the new energy automotive industry. Focus on breakthrough battery, drive motor and electronic control core technology areas, to promote plug-in hybrid vehicles, pure electric vehicle application and industrialization. At the same time, to carry out research and development of cutting-edge technology for fuel cell vehicles, and vigorously promote the development of energy-efficient, low-emission fuel-efficient cars.
Fourth, to strengthen the scientific and technological innovation and enhance the core competitiveness of industries
Enhance the capability of independent innovation is the central link in the nurturing and development of strategic emerging industries must improve the business-oriented, market-oriented, a combination of research and technological innovation system, play the leading role of the core of the major projects of the National Science and Technology, combined with the implementation of industrial development planning, breakthroughs in key core technology, strengthen innovations industrialization, enhance the core competitiveness of industries.
(A) to strengthen the industry's key core technology and cutting-edge technology research. Around the major economic and social development needs, and the National Science and Technology Plan, the Knowledge Innovation Project and the Natural Science Foundation project implementation, and concentrate efforts on key generic technologies for a number of supporting the development of strategic emerging industries. Ahead of the deployment, strengthen the intersection of technology and product development, to improve the level of basic technology research in basic biology, information, aerospace, marine, earth deep, cutting-edge technology.
(B) to strengthen the enterprise technological innovation capacity building. Increase corporate research and development investment, to establish an effective mechanism for the implementation by the lead organization of backbone enterprises, research institutions and universities to participate in government science and technology projects for application-oriented, with a clear market prospects. Relying on the backbone enterprises around the key core technology R & D and system integration, to support the construction of the world's advanced level of engineering platform, combined with the implementation of technological innovation projects, the development of a number of corporate-driven, research institutions, colleges and universities actively participate in industrial technology innovation Union. Strengthen fiscal policy to guide and encourage enterprises to increase investment in research and development. Strengthen industrial agglomeration area public technical service platform to promote the innovation and development of SMEs.
(C) to accelerate the implementation of the the Talents Strategy and intellectual property strategy. Establishment of the mechanism research institutions, colleges innovative talent flow to the enterprise, increase building efforts of highly skilled workers. Accelerate the perfect options, technology shares, equity, dividend rights and other forms of incentives to encourage scientific research institutions and universities of science and technology personnel actively engaged in the service invention-creation. Intensify its efforts to attract global talents to innovation and entrepreneurship in China. Support of research universities and leading role to play, strengthen strategic and emerging industries related to construction of professional disciplines to increase much-needed professional degree category. New mechanism for reform training model, policies to encourage enterprises to participate in personnel training, establishing and school, joint training and promote innovative applied compound and skills-based training of personnel. Support the creation and use of intellectual property rights, and strengthen the protection and management of intellectual property rights, and encourage enterprises to establish patent Union. Improve the universities and research institutions of intellectual property rights to transfer transformed the interests of security and the implementation mechanism, the establishment of the efficient trading mechanisms of intellectual property assessment. Increase the reward has significant social benefits of innovation efforts.
(D) the implementation of major industrial innovation development projects. Goal to accelerate the industrial development of large-scale, choose to have lead the leading role, and be able to achieve breakthroughs in key directions, relying on the dominant enterprises, co-ordinate technology development, engineering standards development, market applications such links, organization and implementation of a number of major industrial innovation development projects to promote the elements of integration and technology integration efforts to achieve a major breakthrough.
(E) the construction of industrial innovation support system. Play the supporting role of knowledge-intensive service industries, vigorously develop the R & D services, information services, business services, technology transactions, intellectual property and scientific and technological achievements into the high-tech service industries, cultivate new formats. Actively to the development of human resources services, investment and management consulting and other business services, accelerate the development of modern logistics and environmental services.
(F) promote the development of major scientific and technological achievements in production and industrial agglomeration. Perfect the mechanism of scientific and technological achievements in production, to intensify the implementation of the industrialization demonstration project efforts, and actively promote the major equipment, applications, and establish a sound scientific research institutions, universities release system innovations and technology transfer institutions to promote technology transfer and diffusion to accelerate scientific and technological achievements into reality productivity. Relying on the advantages of industrial agglomeration area, to foster a number of innovative capacity and entrepreneurial environment, prominent features, centralized development of strategic emerging industry demonstration base to form a growth pole, radiation driven regional economic development.
Actively develop the market and create a good market environment
We should give full play to the basic role of the market, fully mobilize the enthusiasm of enterprises, strengthen the construction of infrastructure, and actively cultivate the market, standardize the market order, and for the healthy development of enterprises of all types to create a fair and good environment.
(A) The organization and implementation of a major demonstration project. Adhere to applications for development, focusing on improving the level of people's health and the urgent need to alleviate the environmental resource constraints, and selection in the early industrialization, and significant social benefits, the market mechanism is difficult to effectively play the role of the major technologies and products to co-ordinate the convergence of the existing pilot project , organization and implementation of the national health, green development, intelligent manufacturing, materials and updating, information Huimin major demonstration project, guide consumption patterns change, and develop the market, stimulating industrial development.
(B) to support market development and business model innovation. Encourage green consumption, the cycle of consumption, information consumption, innovation and consumption patterns, and promote the upgrading of consumption structure. Expand the terminal to the implementation of energy-efficiency labeling range of energy-using products. Strengthen the market in the field of new energy grid and energy storage, regional aviation and general aviation, new energy vehicles and other supporting infrastructure. Support enterprises to develop in the field of Things, energy saving and environmental protection services, new energy applications, information services, and promotion of new energy vehicles, is conducive to expanding market demand for professional services, value-added services, such as new formats. The new business model for active implementation of the contract energy management, and modern goods and wastes recycling.
(C) to improve the standard system and market access system. Accelerate the establishment of the industry standard that is conducive to the development of strategic emerging industries and important product technology standard system, optimize market access approval process. Institutional mechanisms to further improve the drug registration management, perfect centralized drug procurement system to support clinical necessary, efficacy, safe, innovative drugs at reasonable prices, preferential access to health insurance directory. Improving the project of new energy vehicles and access standards. Improve transfer the management of genetically modified agricultural products. Improve and strictly implement the energy saving and environmental protection regulations and standards.
Deepening international cooperation to improve the level of development of the international
To deepen international cooperation, as soon as possible to master the core technology to enhance China's self-development capability and core competitiveness. Grasp the new features of economic globalization, the depth of international cooperation and exchanges, and actively explore a new model of cooperation and participation in international cooperation at a higher level.
(A) vigorously promote international scientific and technological cooperation and exchanges. Play the role of the various cooperation mechanisms, multi-level, multi-channel, multi-way to promote international scientific and technological cooperation and exchanges. Encourage foreign enterprises and scientific research institutions in the country to set up R & D institutions, support qualified foreign-invested enterprises and domestic enterprises, research institutions to apply for national research projects. Support for China's enterprises and research institutions active in global R & D services outsourcing, joint R & D and the establishment of R & D institutions in overseas and foreign patent applications. China's enterprises and research institutions are encouraged to participate in the development of international standards, to encourage foreign investment enterprises to participate in China's technology demonstration application projects, together form the international standards.
(B) to effectively improve the quality and level of international investment and financing cooperation. Improvement of Foreign Investment Industrial Guidance Catalogue, to encourage foreign investors to establish venture capital enterprises, and guide more foreign investment in strategic emerging industries. Support qualified enterprises to develop overseas investment in a variety of ways, such as stocks and bonds issued outside financing. Expand the enterprises 'overseas investment autonomy, improving the approval process, and further increase the enterprises' overseas investment foreign exchange support. Actively explore overseas construction technology and industrial park. The development of the country industry-oriented catalog, and provide guidance for enterprises to develop cross-border investment.
(C) the strong support of the Multinational Management. Improve the export credit, insurance policy, combined with the foreign aid to actively support strategic emerging industries focus on products, technologies and services to develop the international market, as well as the standard of independent intellectual property rights in the overseas promotion. Support enterprises through the registered trademarks abroad, overseas acquisitions, to foster international brand. Strengthen the cooperation of enterprises and products international certification.
, Increase fiscal and financial policy support, guide and encourage social investment
Accelerate the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries, we must improve the fiscal and financial policy support system, and increasing support, guide and encourage social investment.
(A) increased financial support. Based on the integration of existing policies and resources and funding sources, the establishment of a special fund for development of strategic emerging industries, to establish a stable financial investment growth mechanism, increased the Central financial investment, innovation support way, efforts to support the significant development of key technologies, the development of major industrial innovation The engineering major innovations industrialization major demonstration project, innovation and capacity building. Increase government guidance and support efforts to accelerate the popularization and application of energy-efficient products, environmental labeling products and resources recycling products. Strengthen fiscal policy performance evaluation, innovation financial funds management mechanisms, and improve the efficiency of the use of funds.
(B) improve the tax incentives. Based on the full implementation of the tax policies of the current activities that promote investment in science and technology and technological achievements transformation, and support the development of high-tech industry, combined with tax reform direction and tax characteristics, encourage innovation and improve the characteristics of strategic emerging industries, research, and guide investment and consumption taxes to support the policy.
(3) to encourage financial institutions to increase credit support. Guide financial institutions to establish credit management and loan review system to adapt to the characteristics of strategic emerging industries. Actively promote the innovation in finance innovation, industrial chain financing and other financial products. Accelerate the establishment of a multi-level security system, including financial investors and investment funds from society. Actively to the development of small and medium-sized financial institutions and new financial services. The integrated use of risk compensation and other financial incentives to promote financial institutions to increase efforts to support the development of strategic emerging industries.
(D) actively play a multi-level capital market financing. Further improve the the GEM market system support qualified enterprises listing and financing. Promote the construction of the over-the-counter securities market, to meet the needs of enterprises at different stages of development venture. Perfect the mechanism of the transitions between the different levels of the market board, the progressive realization of the organic link between all levels market. Vigorously develop the bond market, to expand SME collective bonds and collection of bills issue size, to actively explore the development of a low credit rating high-yield bonds and private placements of convertible bonds and other financial products, steady progress in corporate bonds, corporate bonds, short-term financing bonds and medium-term notes development, broaden the corporate debt financing channels.
(E) to develop venture capital and equity investment funds. Establish and perfect the supporting policies to promote the healthy development of the venture capital and equity investment industry system and regulatory system. Within controllable risk for insurance companies, social security funds, corporate pension management institutions and other institutional investors to participate in the emerging industry, venture capital and equity investment funds to create the conditions. Play to the guiding role of the government emerging industry venture capital funds to expand the the government emerging industry venture investment scale, full use of market mechanisms, and to stimulate social funds to invest in innovative enterprises at the start in the early and middle stages of the strategic emerging industries. Encourage private capital to invest in strategic emerging industries.
Promote institutional innovation to strengthen the organization and leadership
Accelerate the cultivation and development of strategic and emerging industries is a major strategic task of the new era of economic and social development, must vigorously promote the reform and innovation, and strengthening organizational leadership and co-ordination, and provide the impetus for the development of strategic emerging industries and conditions.
(A) to deepen the reform of key areas. Establish and improve the innovative medicines, new energy resource products price formation mechanism and taxes adjustment mechanism. The implementation of new energy quota system, the implementation of new energy generation full protection of the acquisition system. Accelerate the establishment of extended producer responsibility system, establish and improve the main pollutants and carbon emissions trading system. Establish policies and mechanisms to promote triple play efficient and orderly conduct of the deepening of the power system reform, speeding up the reform of the airspace management system.
(B) to strengthen the macro planning guidance. Organizing the preparation of the national strategic emerging industry development plan and related special programs, and the development of strategic emerging industry development guidance catalog, to carry out the statistical monitoring survey of strategic emerging industries, to strengthen planning and policy convergence. Boot around the development of strategic emerging industries, and optimize regional distribution, and their comparative advantages, individualized, complementary advantages, reasonable structure pattern of coordinated development of strategic emerging industries. Each region according to the country's overall deployment from local reality, highlighting the development priorities and avoid blind development and redundant construction.
(C) to strengthen the organization and coordination. Establishment of strategic emerging industries, the development of inter-ministerial coordination mechanism led by the National Development and Reform Commission, and concerted efforts to promote co-ordination.
The relevant departments of the State Council, People's Government of the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) according to the requirements of this decision, pay close attention to develop implementation plans and specific implementation measures, intensify support strategic emerging industries to speed up the training to become a pilot and pillar industries for China modernization and make new contributions.
 
State council
October 10, 2010