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Changes in the geological survey of economic development mode (reprint)

Release:2012-9-18 9:39:34  Hits:1809

 

Abstract: The key deadlock troubled the geological prospecting reform development is the foundation, nonprofit and commercial formulations inaccurate, the basic geological nonprofit has not been established, so that the social attributes of geological industrial productive forces and relations of production is not clear. Two basic concepts of nonprofit and commercial, is artificially set up an independent foundation at the top of the two. Geological cause, introduction of geological industrial production, management errors, the geological survey of economic reform and geological exploration units restructuring erring in the first round of reform and opening up has been clobbered, the main reason for both the fall and can not turn the tide .
The artificially delineated work area, and the ownership of mineral rights and production set unreasonable, research and development efforts and the level is not deep enough, very few varieties, directly leading to the production, operation and development blocked.
Launch title move a hanging support the geological cause geological survey industry and metallurgical industry advantageous resources, assets, technical force integration, reorganization, restructuring and mergers, acquisitions, find, exploration, mining, the rule of one group, the scale of the operation.
Key words: public welfare geological, commercial, geological, commercial exploration, investigation, exploration and exploitation rights, looking for mineral rights
 
Foreword
The basic geological prospecting, prospecting and geological exploration, based on natural resources in the commercial development of the main geological survey technical support, while all kinds of social and public, public and civil commercial development.
The study includes the natural environment, physical geography, natural climate, natural disasters, and of human existence, life, production, operation and development, including the Geological Survey.
I witnessed the rise and fall of the geological career four decades, witnessed the reform and opening up three decades of brutality. Seriously think that geological cause, the geological survey industry should social attributes, three aspects of the social division of labor and the social economy divided, geological exploration mining economy into sectors of the economy, the formation of public welfare geological, commercial geological, commercial exploration of the three pillars of business operations. Economy planned economy under the guidance of the geological survey industry, metallurgical industrial economies can be converted to the production of social wealth, mineral resources, as well as various types of social development, commercial development, civilian development to provide geological, exploration and mining technology supported. .
Charity Geology: knowledge-intensive basic geological constitute a national nonprofit geological cause.
Business Geology: knowledge-intensive prospecting, exploration, mining integration constitute the a commercial geological survey industry.
Commercial exploration: by the labor-intensive geological exploration, mining extractive constitute special business services industry for the public geological and commercial geological and commercial development.
Facilitate geological cause, the geological survey industry operating in the market, I research and development for the public good geological regional land and resource base of the Geological Survey rights, mineral rights for the production of commercial geological find suitable commercial exploration of the types of service operations derived prospecting exploration and exploitation rights of prospecting, mining and social development, commercial development, civilian development (exploration and mining rights).
Under the planned economy, the country monopoly the Settings area of ​​Land and Resources of basic geological surveys right and production tenements derived exploration rights with the prospecting and mining rights in the public geological survey market listing, bidding for the geological survey market economy.
Optimize the structure of production, title strokes a hanging in the recovery of the national public investment.
Charity geological investigation in the geological survey market economy, find mineral rights for the production of commercial geological derive appropriate development and operation of all types of commercial exploration and exploitation rights.
Business geological geological survey in the market economy to find mineral rights, for the commercial development and production of mineral resources prospecting and mining rights and exploration and exploitation rights.
Business exploration is the exploration and exploitation rights in the geological survey in the market economy, and provide a full range of business services for the public welfare geological, commercial geological, all kinds of commercial development.
Five mining rights organization geological survey unit production and management, survival and development, and to maintain geological survey of economic operation, the establishment of a the geological prospecting market economy the Yi sequence of basic elements, the geological survey in the industry the harmonious Wucyuan change to form a self-contained industrial chain and supply, production, and distribution channels.
National sustainable development of the national economy, geological cause monopoly Settings area of ​​Land and Resources of basic geological survey rights in the planned economy to tender serving the geological survey market economies. The formation of a public good (foundation) Geological Survey team - field army, the right to investigate geological prospecting in the market economy, production looking for tenements and all kinds of derivatives commercial development of exploration and exploitation rights to stabilize the geological survey industry commercial geological prospecting, prospecting, mining integration team with commercial exploration in geological exploration and mining extractive integration company, shares of the company's production, operation and survival and development.
Geological cause of the development of geological survey industry six decades and Review
Geological career in the early days of the planned economy system, the geological industry as a national public welfare merged operation. Set of public welfare, business operations, product research and development and production of goods in a geological survey economic, geological exploration units operating in the state monopoly investment, knowledge-intensive geological prospecting, geological prospecting and labor-intensive geological exploration tied to one, doubles as a basic geological investigation, the production of products, commodities owned by the state, free of charge by the labor-intensive mining extractive continuation monopoly, continues to this day.
Incompetent, national strength and the lack of social resources preparation Shangshi middle of the state monopoly the public geological investments, risk of geological and commercial development for commercial production, after all, the geological career development expedient mode of operation.
However, this period of national policy in times of war and regime consolidation, in today's world economic integration, the rapid development of the information age, has been completely unable to meet modern economic development. Social resource allocation maturing, growing social, corporate and private capital, anti-risk ability in the operation of the market economy, should be timely to take the the CAPD country retreat, so that the benefits to the people of the state policy to attract the social pluralism investment to achieve the cause of the development of public geological, stable geological survey industry, economy, prosperity and metallurgical industrial economy.
Recalling the six years of the founding of the PRC, especially the reform and opening up three decades. Geological cause of a series of reforms of the geological survey industry, starting from the seventies of the last century, starting, countries mainly from to shunt three aspects of the geological survey of economic investment strategy, the effect of geological prospecting, geological survey practitioners to explore.
Experienced the over-fifties, sixties reduce the guidance of the seventies,, austerity and nineties lack of investment in the eighties, five times the ups and downs and changes, geological career, the geological survey industry, state-owned geological exploration unit has been in change to hit, the survival and development of space compression to the brink of collapse. Reflect on the five changes, the geological survey of economic trouble for many reasons, but the most important, the most fundamental and the most direct reason for geological exploration units, companies do not have fixed sources of production tasks, geological survey industry is not from the social division of labor, processes, production processes, to complete the construction of the industrial chain.
1. From central to local, national geological work overall deployment completed no coordination on the platform of the same market. Confusion in the management of state without stable sources of production tasks, set up their own R & D, production tasks of the three stages of the creation of the geological survey, prospecting and exploration. Lead urgently needed and excess capacity, temporarily unable to take advantage of the operation and the unwanted mineral, in the same planned economic system platform, resulting in the waste of existing social resources in the process of geological exploration and fearlessness consumption, public welfare investment brings unnecessary losses.
2. Geological cause, the geological survey industry is not using social attributes to the social division of labor, reasonable and perfect products for the industry chain system and building self-contained, production, sales channels from the process of production processes.
3. Geological exploration results in the planned economy owned by the state, geological exploration units not entitled to dispose of prospecting, exploration results, mineral resources and national public input made by the state-owned mining unpaid connecting the same time, small and medium-sized private enterprises the main low-cost or free of charge, possession of state-owned Mining can not continue the use of mineral resources, resulting in the loss of tangible assets of the state and a large number of potential intangible assets. In the geological survey in the economic market investment recovery mechanism is not established, the basic geological survey, prospecting and exploration of three stages of capital investment in public goods investment in the natural nuclear eliminate naught.
State-owned geological exploration units produced in the National public geological survey of direct investment in the economic market, operates a predictable only huge, unforeseen investment risk, basic geological survey, prospecting, prospecting, product research and development, production of goods exploration of mineral resources, but also can not be obtained directly from the output of the economic benefits to promote production inputs, the virtuous cycle of reproduction. No intention between conducting a gamble. In the case of gambling money sources, will inevitably lead to this gaming can not be carried out.
To this end, the General Office of the State Council in the last century, is not, and the beginning of this century, has issued a a program GuoBanFa {1999} No. 37 and a decision Guo Fa [2006] 4, two important documents guiding the geological survey of economic reforms and state-owned geological survey unit restructuring.
Closely with the Ministry of Land and Resources launched a massive big discussion of the reform and development of geological prospecting.
Innovation, longing for change, break out, trying to pull the reform raging waves in both the fall the Rotary the geological exploration Building will pour.
Second, the cross-century of a program, a decision and a major discussion
Countries for six years of the founding of the reform and opening up three decades, the geological cause the brilliant achievements and the existing problems in the reform and opening up, and encountered the deadlock in the reform carried out thorough and meticulous examine and argumentation.
That the reform, restructuring troubled most direct reason is satisfied sharp people to invest in the national public welfare the geological career and geological industries geological operating expenses and the Central Geological Exploration Fund, from beginning to end in a no recovery mechanism and profitability hope the operation of the market for commercial geological and commercial development risk.
In support of the mineral resources in countries all subsequent gratuitous and mining development, industrial policy, the the geological cause public investment and geological survey industry commercial operations, not in the market to obtain, directly or indirectly, the economic interests and reflect the economic benefits. In geological exploration and metallurgical industries economic social supply and demand in the industry chain system, resulting in a labor-intensive and extensive operation of mining economy, to the metallurgical industry economic production, mineral resources, huge commercial profits. National public taxpayers geological Operating Expenses and the Central Geological Prospecting Fund, the potential market value of the mining development unearthed the residual value of the capital.
Benefiting the investors not fully reflect market fundamentals, profiteering in the the mining economy gratuitous splice and individual, private owners obtained free or low-cost occupies a state-owned mining the subsequent mineral resources can not produce, led to turmoil in the capital markets, investment in the mining market rapid warming.
Social capital, the influx of foreign capital, a large gathering approach. Corruption, but also disrupt the geological survey of economic, metallurgical industry, economic and mining rights market Yi sequence.
Investment in the planned economy, the geological survey of economic operation, the the mining economy earnings deformity economic mode, seriously constrained geological career, geological survey industry and state-owned geological exploration units production and operation and survival and development.
The reform and opening up, the country is not seriously rationalize the productive forces and relations of production in the geological survey industry blindly from the geological survey of economic investment strategy, geological prospecting effect and practitioners shunt three square cut, resulting in the geological survey industry in the first round of reforms enter the misunderstanding, production, management, development trouble.
Continue for many years the status quo in order to change the geological survey industry, I believe that a new round of economic development mode shift, the geological prospecting reform, national industrial policies should social attributes of geological survey industry, the process of the social division of labor and production processes.
1. Construction of basic geological survey, research and development institutions, production available for the geological survey industry continued production, operation and development to find mineral rights and various types of derivative commercial development of exploration and exploitation rights.
2. The establishment of a national public investment recovery mechanisms, the stable geological exploration units, production and operation and the survival and development of capital virtuous circle.
3. Mining rights for the public welfare geological, commercial geological, commercial exploration to establish harmonious ties, improve the geological career with the geological industry contact, completion of Land and Resources of the geological survey and find, exploration, mining the construction of an integrated industry chain, stable geological survey units, production, and ultimately find, exploration, mining, smelting integration largest industry chain integration, mergers, acquisitions, changes in the 21st century to deal with the world economic integration.
I believe that only the successful recovery of the taxpayer investment in the the national geological Funds and the Central Geological Prospecting Fund, in order to make the public welfare and commercial geological work to achieve a virtuous circle, taxpayers in order to obtain economic benefits, the employees in order to talk about the economic benefits.
Is to promote the geological survey of economic reforms, restructuring of geological exploration units to achieve the reform and development of geological prospecting breakthrough power.
To this end, the Ministry of Land and Resources implement the central authorities for the new era of China's economy developed from the perspective of development economics, positioning the new round of reform in this overall strategy, speed up the transformation of economic development mode deployment.
Introduced Guo Tu Zi Fa [2010] No. 58, 59, 60, 61, and a series of documents and regulations.
The first time a clear public interest Geological defuse the risks for commercial geological and commercial development, rather than risk.
This resolve, is the national charity geological input, to achieve sustainable development of the national economic construction necessary for mineral resources and supply through commercial means of geological capital recycling has a statutory basis.
This resolve, geological cause, the geological survey industry, the geological survey of economic, geological exploration units while boosting mining economic prosperity, driven by demand for commercial geological prospecting, in order to achieve the new areas to expand the geological work to extend the chain of geological work service functions and cross-industry has injected new vitality.
This resolve, but also for the geological survey industry looking to explore integration reform in the mining and metallurgical industry mergers, acquisitions huge Lenovo.
Establish convergence fund public interest first, commercial follow-up, ready to exploration, fast break to co-ordinate the planning guidelines for the functioning of the twenty words of the national geological prospecting work for the first time. According to the three-year bear fruit five major breakthrough, eight remodeling Geology and Mineral Resources of the overall requirements of the new pattern, the deployment of the unified national geological prospecting operations, through the work of the general arrangements clear all types of division of labor and positioning, through work The overall deployment and implementation rationalize a variety of economic relations for geological prospecting work to create a good system and policy environment, and give full play to the role of geological exploration units geological prospecting the main force and enterprise mineral exploration market subject. Lead pulling in accordance with the public geological work, and follow-up expansion of commercial mineral exploration, geological survey of professional technical superiority and capital management of the mining companies complement each other and co-ordinate the deployment, coordinate and push forward the construction of the Group of rapid evaluation of the work of thinking, focus metallogenic belt and areas where conditions permit, and comprehensively promote the exploration of the implementation of the self-contained.
I believe that this consensus cemented twenty words, is a cross-century program, a decision and a big discussion jointly produced significant results, and its significance is reflected in the geological cause of the geological survey industry, the geological survey of economic, geological exploration units in the new an economic development mode shift out of the woods, the clear market breakout direction.
A breakthrough is the 21-word consensus.
Research and development of various types of mining rights in the public interest first, to stabilize the geological exploration units, production.
Rationalize the social cohesion of the Fund diversified investment channels.
Commercial follow-up to the establishment of a national public investment recovery mechanism.
Helping this geological survey industry chain system exploration, geological prospecting fast break.
Third, the reflection of the geological survey of economic reform in the last round of troubled
China Geological career, the geological survey industry, geological exploration economy, geological exploration units in the three decades of reform and opening move forward, come to an end to the development of traditional geological, production, operations can not get rid of the planned economy bondage, subject to the constraints of the national public investment occasional troubled survival and development difficult. This situation Most people think that the level of the current system is irrational, flawed institutional level, but I can not agree. Reflect on the founding of six years of geological cause through the brilliant, experienced hardships and fall into the predicament in the nineties of the last century. I believe that plagued the Geological career and geological survey of economic reform and unclear direction, the path is unclear, and the resulting lack of reform efforts, mainly due to the program of measures Lou Lou can not be implemented and in place seven aspects of factors.
1. Foundation, nonprofit, commercial geological cause the three defined formulation inaccurate, basic geological and national public welfare can not be merged operation. Charity geology, commercial Geology and Geological Prospecting is not accurate positioning in the market economy.
2. Public geological, commercial Geology and Geological Prospecting bundled one merged operation, and at the same time carry out basic geological survey. In public welfare undertakings, business operations, product research and development and production of goods the integration process, with the exception of the geological results obtained can not be self-disciplined.
3. Geological survey industry knowledge intensive geological prospecting and the labor-intensive geological exploration, in a simple production process and extensive management business model, without a detailed market division, production processes to stabilize the industry chain system and the corresponding process to form a self- systematic market supply, production, distribution channels.
4. Market basic principle of benefiting the investors are not fully reflected the tax satisfied people into the Central Exploration Fund the National Geological Operating Expenses of the geological survey industry in geological career, business profits, and the potential commercial value is not in the geological survey economies reflected in economic benefits and production efficiency.
5. National public investment in knowledge-intensive geological survey, prospecting, prospecting process, the elimination of natural nuclear naught, the subsequent mineral resources free of charge under the national industrial policy support, labor-intensive mining economy from the public geological results of excavations The residual value of the potential commercial value and welfare capital investment generated huge commercial profits to the metallurgical industry, mineral resources and production.
6. The mining rights research and development efforts and the level is not deep enough, there is no stable source of mineral rights organizations geological exploration units production and operation and survival and development. The normal order mining rights successive geological exploration units in the geological survey in the economic market. In, etc., rely on, can not take the initiative to integrate into covering natural environment, geography, climate, disasters and human survival life, production, operation and development activities related to the vast geological survey market, new areas to expand the geological work to extend the geological production chain and cross-industry services.
7. The working area of ​​human delineation, mineral rights are free to set the state monopoly of investment and operation mode of production. Geological exploration units each array, complacent inaction.
Less single public service and commercial two basic social attributes concept of human error to set up an independent foundation at the top of the two.
Geological cause, introduction of geological survey industry production, management errors, the geological survey of economic reform and restructuring of geological exploration units of the erring, the survival and development of space compression to the brink of collapse, suffered a serious setback in the first round of reform and opening up, and the vitality and can not pull the reform in both the fall.
Three defined seriously constrained geological cause geological industry, the geological survey of economic, geological exploration units, the development of productive forces and the living space to expand.
Generate drawbacks of a fundamental change in the planned economy to a market economy, productivity and production relations exposed.
, The geological survey of economic how a new round of economic development pattern in the tight encirclement
Reform and opening up, the state did not seriously rationalize the productive forces and relations of production in the geological survey industry, blindly from the geological survey of economic investment strategy, three aspects of geological prospecting effect and practitioners shunt cut, resulting in the production of the geological survey industry in the first round of reforms The operators enter misunderstanding, survival and development in trouble.
Therefore, for the realization of the new round of reforms targeting the geological survey of economic development patterns out of the woods, the Department of Homeland open up River Drive, cut into geology, prospecting, reform and development.
Avoid trouble in the last round of reform and opening up, and caused a head-on collision of three main contradictions.
Breakthrough innovation, longing for change, deepen the reform spirit of the times. From the set of innovative mining rights, the establishment of public investment recovery mechanisms, changes in the production and operation of the three aspects of the survival and development of ways to introduce competition mechanism.
1. The establishment of a new geological survey economic markets order in innovative mining rights settings.
2. Mining rights two strokes (investigative powers, exploration rights) a hanging (look for mineral rights) public investment recovery mechanism.
3. Looking for, exploration, mining integration, restructuring, mergers, acquisitions, changes in production and operation, the survival and development of the way.
Stable geological survey team. Vitality and harness reform in both the fall and the Rotary the geological exploration Building will pour recapture lost in the previous round of reform and opening up opportunities.
Try the product commercial properties from the properties of geological cause of social welfare and geological industries to develop the relations of production, the development of productive forces.
Try the title set with innovative research and development to achieve the geological survey unit production, the transformation of the mode of operation and development.
Try to open the breakout gap from the public geological, commercial and business geological exploration accurate market positioning.
Try from the two levels of knowledge-intensive and labor-intensive geological cause, the geological survey industry restructure.
Economically independent production coexist, intersect the support of the three production processes in the operation of the market, basic geological surveys and geological prospecting, exploration, mining and engineering geology exploration, mining and mining services division of labor in the market in the three pillars of mutual restraint in composed of the industrial chain.
Exploration in the exploration, mining rights on the basis of the knowledge-intensive geological cause welfare basic geological survey team, set the basic geological survey of the regional land and resources rights listed tender to find geological survey industry in commercial exploration, mining integration geological the team production looking for tenements for listing. Also generate suitable for labor-intensive business of exploration enterprises listed on the operation of the company's various types of derivative commercial development of exploration and exploitation rights tender.
Explore two strokes a hanging (investigative powers, exploration and exploitation rights bidding, find tenements listing) will be the basis of geological results to the market, the recovery of the national public input.
Explore shared benefits and win-win economic benefits in the market, production and operation, harmony and common prosperity in the complete public welfare geological commercial geological commercial exploration accurate market positioning of social services. Speed ​​up the production of geological exploration units, the transformation of the mode of operation and development.
Explore the geological cause relief from labor-intensive engineering geological exploration, geological survey industry.
Four in one to a knowledge-intensive geological survey, geophysical, geochemical and remote sensing and telemetry integration transformation.
Win in the historic change in the completion of a multi-disciplinary compatible, inclusiveness and integration.
For this reason, I believe that, in the transformation of the mode of economic development of a geological survey, the state need only firmly in control and the construction of a ground objects, and remote quaternity Regional Land and Resources geological survey team (Field Army, Army, multinational The Overseas Regiment).
Relying on the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences University and geological scientific research units, under the guidance of the Department of Homeland technical support, to find a market for the geological survey of economic production tenements and all types of commercial exploration and exploitation rights listed tender, listing.
Introduction of competition mechanism, while capital intervention to encourage pluralistic society, to carry out comprehensive breakout.
1. Core construction of the central and provincial committee under the two places, objects, and remote integration welfare of Land and Resources geological survey team, investigative powers in the the geological prospecting economic market, production looking for tenements for listing to the China Geological Survey Bureau , exploration and exploitation rights listed tender.
2. Under the guidance of the provinces, municipalities and the National Land Agency, Bureau County basic geological work unit, the building looking for, exploration, mining integration business geological team, looking for tenements in the geological prospecting economic market, organizing the production of the prospecting and mining rights exploration and exploitation rights for listing, bidding.
3. By the provincial Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Bureau of Geological Exploration led to the establishment of geological exploration and mining extractive integration commercial exploration company, shares in the company, the geological survey in the economic market for all kinds of engineering geological exploration and exploitation rights for the public welfare geological, commercial geological, commercial development and provision of social services.
In completed while geological career industry transformation, the basic national policy of the geological survey of economic development, the China Association for Promoting Democracy in the country retreat freeze, to open the market door for society the diversified capital intervention Geological career, the geological survey industry.
, The geological survey Breakout path of the economy in the new round of economic development mode shift
For the results of basic geological find tenements and all kinds of derivatives commercial development of exploration and exploitation rights to market, is the core goals and the most important of the new round of economic development pattern.
The aim is to get the value of the socialist market economy, to establish public geological and commercial geological products, the completion of the geological survey industry and metallurgy industry products with communication to achieve the geological survey of economic breakout.
The Breakout path concept in a brand new title, new geological products, new production methods, new business development under the guidance of the concept, the state of the national economy sustainable development the monopoly Regional Land and resource base Geological Survey rights set, research and development. Charity geological investigation in the geological survey in the economic market, produce commercial geology for mineral rights, exploration and exploitation rights of all types of commercial development derived, produced for the commercial development of mineral resources in the operation of commercial geological prospecting rights, mining rights tender, listed in the same geological market.
In such geological career, geological industry, public geological, commercial geological, geological prospecting, geological survey of economic, geological exploration units will have a self-contained the Geological product, commodity market bidding in public geological and traded.
Natural form market division of labor and production processes and process industry chain system.
Tender, started its operations in the large Geological product market, the establishment of a market for self-contained, production, sales channels. Completed at the same time and complete geological survey of economic and metallurgical industrial economy industrial chain docking.
Geological Survey of State funded start-regional land and resource base, monopoly investigation right settings, listed tender.
Narrow the the Prospecting range, to metallogenic metallogenic belt Circle, set prospecting targets, the development of commercial geology for mineral rights for listing, while derived from the exploration and exploitation rights listed tender.
In the open market operation, the recovery of the national public capital investment.
In a harmonious and orderly process of building a geological products, commodities and mining production lines.
The investigative powers find produce tenements while derived from the exploration and exploitation of all types of commercial development rights geological industry starting pacemakers. Is the driving force behind the operation of the geological survey. Geological survey unit of production, business operation of the power source.
Production and operation and the survival and development of geological exploration units while maintaining the economic operation of the geological survey support.
Countries invested in the public good geological, through commercial means of geological, mineral resources and provide sustainable development for the national economic construction must supply public investment capital recovery. While boosting mining economic prosperity driven by community demand for commercial geological prospecting.
This is the author developed investigative powers, looking for mineral rights, exploration rights, mining construction rights in accordance with the purpose to facilitate market functioning and operation.
Investigative powers, looking for mineral rights and exploration and exploitation rights to enter public Geological market natural completion of the tender, listing and geological career industrialization, geological survey the market economy, geological exploration units enterprise.
Tight encirclement of the geological survey of economic and social effects are expected
Prospecting, prospecting state monopoly and mining, metallurgy integrated production mode of operation is a failure of the planned economy, Fifty years of experience, three decades of reform and, in a few changes of its name with the disappearance of both the Ministry of Metallurgical Industry Ministry of Geology, has been fully proved .
But in a market economy, to find, exploration, mining integration and geological prospecting, mining mining integration business philosophy of business operations is the main line of the revitalization of the geological survey of economic revival of traditional geological.
The idea is to establish the basis of the country's industrial development in the metallurgical industry, mining development of metallurgical industry, the lifeblood of. Geological prospecting, technical and product support in the geological career with the geological survey industry, plans the construction of economic and geological survey of Economy, Trade and Industry chain reorganization, merger, purchase and Chief driven, is bound to lead to more large-scale geological survey prospecting, exploration, mining, metallurgy integrally formed.
Completely different from the founding of six decades and three decades of reform and opening up the state monopoly behavior.
But charity geological, Business geological and metallurgical enterprises autonomy reorganization, restructuring, mergers and acquisitions will.
This reorganization, restructuring, mergers, acquisitions mainstream integration of geological exploration and metallurgical industries of the 21st century the next decade.
The results of the geological survey national charity invested a lot of manpower, material and financial resources, and practitioners of mental cohesion, knowledge-intensive areas, is wisdom.
As in the current market economy, can not reflect its commercial value, and the huge investment potential risks and uncertainties, resulting in national public investment can not be recovered.
Employees do not see the economic benefits, production and management, may from time to time in the market can not generate economic benefits in trouble.
Try the results of basic geological and metallogenic, metallogenic belt transformed into the prospecting targets, prospecting target area, mineral resources, and ultimately into the social wealth.
Geological prospecting reform should be used in a new round of development transformation point of view of scientific development innovation.
Completion of the three teams and a market building in the three market positioning, two development mode change title by one hanging.
In this way, the taxpayer public investment in basic geological survey can justifiably find mineral rights, the exploration and mining rights listed in batches recovery.
Five percent results, ten percent is a breakthrough, twenty percent will promote the geological survey of the economy to a higher level.
If fifty percent national public investment can be recovered, the cause of geological, geological industry, geological survey, economic, geological prospecting will be a huge leap, the leap of temptation is huge huge.
It will certainly lead to different from the six decades of development, the the repeatedly idea not completed to find, exploration, mining, smelting integration of a major reorganization in the big differentiation, reorganized, big mergers.
Geological prospecting and mining, metallurgy industry, economic integration in Outlook
Looking for, exploration, the mining economic integration of the geological survey, geological exploration units production and operation mode. I think this is the future trend of the geological survey of economic development.
But you can not be completed within the geological cause and geological industries. More impossible to achieve in the geological survey of economic operation.
Mining and metallurgy industry from relying on the geological career development to survive by lazy geological industry is well known.
Geological career as a national public good mineral resources, products for the mining and metallurgical industry, from technical support geological survey industry.
Investment in national monopoly in the exploration of mineral resources, the results belong to the state, free of charge by the mining enterprises continuation. This planned economy system works, is a major factor in the huge profits generated by the mining industry and metallurgical industry is reluctant to join forces with the geological exploration units, but also the geological survey of economic reform, restructuring and geological exploration units suffered a setback in the last round of reform and opening up in the causal .
I reflect on six years of the founding of the People's Republic of China, the geological career development course of the three decades of reform and opening up, geological prospecting, mining development, integration of the metallurgical industry, the concept of large industrial chain has been cemented in the great debate on the 20-character principle of consensus.
Basic geological geological industry commercial geological find, exploration, mining integrated operation to provide products and technical support as a national public good.
Geological prospecting and mining extraction, as pure commercial operations, looking for basic geological and commercial geological exploration, mining integration provides a full range of business services.
Such as geological prospecting, exploration, mining integration restore geological cause geological industry to its origins, natural mining development body.
The metallurgical industry in considering their own development and economic interests, the discovery of the value of social benefits, restructuring, mergers and acquisitions to achieve intensive scale.
Find, exploration, mining, smelting integrated production, lifting of mineral resources connecting to worry about the mine closure. The metallurgical industry to ensure that the mineral resources in the restructuring, mergers, acquisitions splice, the financial support of the metallurgical industry, mine deep exploration, peripheral exploration prospecting for the public welfare geological, commercial geological, commercial exploration and exploitation to create a good social environment and capital virtuous cycle of investment environment.
Investigative powers, exploration and exploitation rights bidding and find the tenements listed, become reality. This industry chain building may become a reality, resulting in the following six-point social effects.
1. Countries provide basic geological survey of public capital investment recovery product basis. Pave the results of the geological survey and smoothly from a planned economy into geological exploration market economy.
Intellectual property protection for basic geological survey results, reach the national monopoly of possession, and commitment as a unit to provide theoretical and technical support.
2. Resolve troubled geological cause for many years, the level of taxpayer investment in the national public interest Geological operating expenses and the Central Geological Prospecting Fund recovery and recycling sectors.
3. Mineral rights in circulation in the large Geological product market, but also to achieve the shared fiscal profit-sharing by local governments and the central government, local government social environment coordinated intervention to resolve the geological exploration units in the production of construction is difficult to reconcile the country, the local unit collective and personal conflicts of interest, as well as many uncertainties and unfavorable factors.
4. Between the welfare of Geology and Business geological and mining and metallurgical industries, the establishment of a harmonious contact and the sharing of economic benefits at the same time creating opportunities for restructuring, mergers, acquisitions and restructuring.
5. Dependencies between the basic geological survey and prospecting, exploration, mining and engineering geological exploration and mining construction that is not in the restructuring, mergers, acquisitions and restructuring, market positioning, solve social attributes unknown, unclear lines of division of labor, the working stage confusion.
6. From source countries to address the development of national economy, the demand for minerals and mineral resources total control, to determine the mineral resources in market values ​​and interests driven by pre-investigation, survey, detailed survey and exploration, so as to avoid temporarily need and can not use mineral resources in the exploration process, the existing social resources waste and unnecessary consumption.
Mining rights reform, two rights to the three powers (to find, exploration, mining rights) plus production title (investigation and exploration and exploitation rights), the production processes Wucyuan market division composed industrial chain and products for , production, sales channels, geological cause geological industrial production and management, protection, survival and development while the establishment of a geological survey and economic Yi order to improve geological market building in the tender and quoted in the introduction of the harmonious and orderly competition mechanism to stabilize the geological survey team, reorganization, merger, reorganization and expansion of the geological survey force.
To restore the lost opportunities of the last round of reform, the revival of traditional geological accomplished in the new round of economic development mode shift.
1. Geological exploration units practitioners for the qualifications awarded by the assessment into practice registration reform, to promote the talent of Geology and Mineral large flowing between the central, provincial, city, county and private enterprises.
2. The artificial division prospecting geographical advantage in the title hanging trick reform no longer exists, the central, provincial, city, county, state, public, private, individual operation in the same the Geological market platform.
Impetus to geological exploration units available land assets, make an inventory of the geological exploration units located prospecting area the geographical potential resources intangible assets.
In order to achieve the advantages of resources to promote the state-owned geological exploration units, integration of assets, technical strength, completed the final goal of the joint-stock reform of the reorganization, restructuring, merger, mergers and acquisitions.
3. Building in one or more of the geological survey team, the field armies, corps, multinational foreign legion, production is looking for mineral rights, and derivatives exploration rights.
With the point of view of scientific development, innovative thinking, and a new round of Geology and Mineral Resources Reform positioning accelerating the transformation of the geological survey of economic development.
1. Establishment of regional geological survey of land and resource base of the right R & D Fund:
Investigative powers established under the auspices of the Department of Homeland directly under the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences R & D institutions, unified deployment of the National Regional Land and Resources geological survey work.
Building and sustainable development of the national economy to develop in the long-term mineralization target metallogenic belt target prospecting planning, building surveys right repository.
Production and mission support for the sustainable development of public welfare geological find tenements panic response to the panic caused by prospecting targets.
2. Set up to find the tenements Reserve Fund;
As the core was established by the China Geological Survey Bureau, under the guidance of the Department of Homeland the multivessel public geological survey team of the central and provincial levels, unified deployment of the national geological prospecting work.
Sustainable development for the national economy to develop long-term prospecting planning, building to find the tenements repository.
Sustainable development of exploration and exploitation for commercial geological, commercial production tasks security, response triggered the prospecting target for prospecting and mining rights and mineral resources to panic.
Geological survey of sustainable economic development, geological exploration units to maintain basic production. Mineral rights products to provide a stable source of protection.
Fully utilize the enormous potential advantages of the planned economy system, and provide the impetus for the geological survey of economic operation of the market.
I believe that, in today's world economic integration, China Geology, China Geological Prospecting, China Mining, China Metallurgical Industry in the contest with the developed countries of the world mining giant and the monopoly of the mineral resources of reflection will surely capture in a new round of economic development mode shift opportunities involved in the integration of domestic geological exploration units advantage of resources, assets, technical force, reorganization, restructuring, mergers and acquisitions and expansion of its own.
Reform after the geological survey and mining, metallurgy industry, economic integration, and completely different from the prospecting, mining prospector state monopoly system of planned economy, metallurgical integrated operation.
New geological prospecting multi-industry mergers and acquisitions, mergers and the coming era, the trend of the times. State shall promptly adjust the industrial policy, integration, the monopoly public geological cause the right to basic geological survey research and development, production, looking for mineral rights and exploration rights, seize the opportunity to exit the commercial geological industry market.
Decided by the market value of the geological work looking for, exploration, mining, the rule of four in one operation, optimizing the pre-investigation, survey, detailed survey and exploration of minerals such excess capacity and can not take advantage of market behavior will stop on their own and. termination of exploration. The use of social resources to achieve scientific development view to preparation.
I believe that time will produce a number of stand out quality were listed company. Lead the the geological cause in the new round of development changing toward prosperity.
Production title (investigative powers, exploration and exploitation rights) product title (to find the five rights of exploration and mining rights) Release of geological cause revitalization, prosperity geological industry, the development of the geological survey of economic integration of the geological forces, stable geological survey team, The revival of traditional geological significance is far-reaching.
In 2010, enters its second decade of this century.
The geological career to a stake junctions.
In six decades, three decades of reform, geological career, geological industry into the tackle tough juncture. Rely on to ensure the modernization of persistent? Rely on writing a brilliant and glorious? The China Geological must make a choice.
I believe the first two decades of the 21st century, the first to complete the the geological career industrialization layout country, while leading the prosperity of the world's mining and metallurgical industry, will also determine the future of the world's mining and metallurgical industry pattern.
In order to achieve this great goal, I suggest, the national capital injection as soon as possible to establish the basis of geological survey title R & D funds and back-up find tenements Reserve Fund, in response to the construction and sustainable development of the national economy, may lead prospecting targets, prospecting targets and mineral resources to panic.
Construction-led technical support team of the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, University and provincial geological research units close collaboration with the regional land and resources of basic geological survey title R & D institutions.
At the same time building a central subordinates and Links to Ministries is a charity basic geological survey team - Field Army, Army, multinational foreign legion, production, looking for mineral rights and prospecting rights.
The geological survey in the planned economy under the guidance of the operation of the market economy mechanism.
Based on domestic and overseas with the developed countries, and the world's mining giants share the world's resources.
 
Glossary
Three market position: Regional Land and Resources Geological Survey public location, geological prospecting, exploration, mining and geological exploration and mining extractive commercial positioning.
Two development mode change: prospecting, exploration, mining, integration with geological prospecting and mining extractive integration mode of production and management style.
Title two strokes and a hanging: investigative powers, exploration and exploitation rights bidding, looking for tenements listed.
 
References:
[1] "the General Office of the State Council on the issuance of geological prospecting team management reform program" (SCS {1999} No. 37)
[2] "the State Council on strengthening the geological work" (Guo Fa [2006] No. 4)
[3] The Ministry of Land and deployment of large-scale discussion of the reform and development of geological prospecting, "the Ministry of Land and Resources to carry out geological prospecting reform and development of the program of work of the great debate on the issuance of the notice" (Guo Tu Zi Fa [2009] No. 40)
[4] Ministry of Land and Resources to consolidate and expand the achievements of the reform and development of the geological prospecting discussion MLR Fa [2010] No. 58
[5] Ministry of Land and Resources on building a new mechanism of geological prospecting Guo Tu Zi Fa [2010] No. 59
[6] Ministry of Land and Resources Several Opinions on Further Strengthening the geological exploration industry, service and management
Guo Tu Zi Fa [2010] No. 60
[7] Ministry of Land and guidance of reform and development to promote the reform and development of state-owned geological exploration units
Guo Tu Zi Fa [2010] No. 61
About the author: Zheng Shuping (1957 -), male, 332 Geological Team of Hengshan County, Hunan Province, college degree, Anhui Bureau of Geological Exploration Geological Survey Institute senior engineer, is mainly engaged in geological find tenements Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration the Remote Sensing compatible and mining rights reform ownership and production, product, commodity title.